Compaction equipment compresses different types of materials used in a work area to remove air from the soil and achieve high density. Compaction by vibratory equipment has been on the rise following advancements in the technology and economic conditions in Canada. Use of the compaction machines is popular in the construction of foundation work in civil engineering, dams, earthworks, roads and deformation-resistant highways, as well as sealing the layers and landfill sites.
Factors to Consider while Choosing Compaction Machines
Some of the factors that operators use while choosing compaction equipment include the type of soil, moisture in the ground, the size of the soil particles, and the required density. Various compaction machines provide different results hence the need to look for one that provides the necessary results in the most economical way. Additionally, most machines used in the compaction may come with high prices. Therefore, it would be ideal to rent a compaction machine if you require a one-time service, for example, in dam construction.
There are different types of vertical compactors and soil compaction machines used in the construction sites. They include:
1) Light compacting equipment
Constructors use light compacting equipment compression of small areas that do not need a lot of effort getting the right density. Some of them include:
• Vibrating plate compactors – this is a walk behind compaction machine with a vibrating plate at the bottom. The machine that weighs between 100-200lbs compresses the soil up to 12 inches.
• Vibro tampers- the hand tamper has a wooden handle and a steel plate attached to the bottom. The plate functions by raising and dropping on the surface that needs compaction.
2) Heavy compacting Machine
Operators use heavy weight compaction equipment for large areas and places with different types of soil. Some of the popular compaction machines include:
• Smooth wheeled rollers- they are either vibrating or smooth wheeled roller. They are ideal for soils such as gravel, graded sand, asphalt, or crushed rock, which don’t require a lot of pressure and compaction. They weigh between 6-10 tonnes and work at a speed of 3-6 kph.
• Pneumatic tired rollers- they compress coarse-grained soils and rocks in the pavement upgrades for both earthwork and bituminous work. They weigh between 11-25 tonne.
• Padfoot Rollers- the self-propelled and non-vibratory compactors operate at a higher speed than most compactors. They also come with leveling blades for spreading the materials.
• Sheepsfoot Compactors- they compress light soils such as clay on the dams, railroad construction, and subgrade layers. They are either static or vibratory although pressure and manipulation are the only compaction forces.
To learn more information, please visit the Rotobale Compaction – EMD for their additional online resources.